Reservations and upper castes’ backlash
The Constitution of India had to accept reservation for the socio-economicallyunprivileged castes and tribes in India. In clauses 340, 341 and 342 of the Constitution the question of reservation was incorporated for the SCs, STc and OBCs. Even after half a century reservations have been ignored or half-heartedly accepted. Commissions after Commissions were set up but the net result was not impressive. In fact even for the dalit reservation quota (except for the Class IV sweeper category) are to quite an extent not filled up. Only when the Mandal Commission Report was tabled and a stormy wind passed throughout India in 1991 the question of caste-based deprivation,the question of 27% reservation in the central government services for the OBCs as well as upper caste frenzy against reservation on a wide scale brought forth the pertinent question of OBC reservation to centre stage. The current country wide debate and upper caste hideous move to banish reservation policy have come up in the wake of the Arjun Singh announcement to reserve 27% seats for the OBCs in all educational institution under the purview of the central government. It should be made clear here that the Constitutional
provisions of reservation are only a partial acknowledgement of the wide inequalities based on the caste system and its…….
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